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Ohio 4-H Youth Development

Ohio State University Extension


Publications & Resources

Below are a list of resources to learn more about the Ohio 4-H Dairy and Goat programs. Complete project descriptions can be found in the Ohio 4-H Family Guide!  


Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) Important Information

On January 1, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) new regulations addressing on-farm antibiotic use in food-animal production must be implemented. The agency’s effort is aimed at eliminating the use of medically important (to human illness) antibiotics for growth promotion purposes in food-animal production and bringing therapeutic use in feed and water – to treat, control or prevent spe­cific disease – under additional veterinary oversight. Producers, veterinarians, feed mills and suppliers will all face new requirements. This affects everyone (including 4-H members as youth producers) keeping, owning, and/or raising food-producing animals. 

Please be aware that anything you may hear about the possibility of 4-H advisors being able to get a VFD for all of their club members is not accurate. Ohio 4-H members (parents/guardians) are the owners/caretakers of their livestock projects and will need to obtain any VFD they might need to properly care for their food-producing animals. To write a VFD, veterinarians must personally see the 4-H members’ animals, become acquainted with their care, and have done so recently enough (within the last six months) that they can make medical judgements. Veterinarians should not write a VFD for an entire club.

It is very important that 4-H members and their families establish a veterinarian-client-patient relationship (VCPR) prior to January 1, 2017. Click on the link below to download the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) Fact Sheet for 4-H Youth Livestock Producers and Families, important to read and understand when taking Ohio 4-H food-producing animal projects, even if they are not intended for food production.

Ohio State Fair Resources
Project and Record Keeping

Ohio 4-H offers two dairy cattle project books, 122 Dairy Heifer Project and Record Book and 126 Dairy Cow Project and Record Book. Both are availble through local OSU Extension offices and online through eStore. Ohio residents get the best price when they order and pick up their purchases through local Extension offices.

Youth interested in using the MS Excel spreadsheets that complement the project books can download them here:

Please be sure to check with your county 4-H educator about how these are to be used.

Other Resources
Leasing Guidelines and Sample

Ohio Dairy Lease Agreement
Leasing Guidelines

Other Dairy Lease Agreement examples 


PDCA Showmanship Guideline

PDCA Showmanship Evaluation card

PDCA Showring Code of Ethics


Follow the links below for different resources to help with dairy judging practices and skills.

National 4-H Dairy Judging Contest Videos

Hoards Dairyman Contest

PDCA Scorecard This is a part of the Holstein Foundation Workbook.  You will need to download entire workbook and then print off this page. 
Dairy Cattle Judging Made Easy: 2nd Edition  $25 
2014 Dairy Judging Questions
Dairy Heifer Scorecard
Reasons Note Taking Card (with additional text)
Reasons Note Taking Cards (no extra text)
Basic Oral Reasons Terminology
Oral Reasons - "Better Words to Use Than Better"
Linear Evaluation Worksheet

Dairy Cattle Reasons


Judging Clinic Powerpoint 2017 (uses the class above)


PDCA Reasons Scorecard

CEV Multi-Media - Judging resources
Dairy Judging Terminology from the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences
Holstein Foundation Workbooks ( this also includes the new Showring Ready Workbook released January 2012) 
From Georgia and another method of presenting general information; similar toHolstein Foundation workbook but not as comprehensive
From Florida extension, this resource is designed for teaching juniors how toprepare and give oral reasons. You will find it very helpful
From Florida extension, this resource is designed for the advance level on howto prepare and give reasons.  Different types of tips for your more experiencedjudges.
More tips for improving oral reasons scores from Florida authors.  Peruse thisfor details and more success at contests
A list of all kind of resources that include one or two of the above, Hoard's Judging Guide link, but MOST IMPORTANTLY is the link to online classes to evaluate from the University of Vermont
Ohio Junior Ayrshire Club


Project and Record Keeping

Project Guidelines
Worksheet and Lesson Plan


Photos & News Releases for Past Events

          2016 Ohio 4-H Dairy Year End Report

2014 DairyPalooza News Release
2014 Ohio Dairy Judging Contest News Release
2013 4-H Dairy Judging News Release
2012 4-H Team News Release
2012 Ohio 4-H and OSU Dairy Judging Teams News Release
2012 Dairy Palooza News Release
2012 Ohio 4-H Dairy Judging Contest News Release
2011 Ohio 4-H Dairy Quiz Bowl Photos
2011 Dairy Palooza Photos
2010 National Dairy Quiz Bowl News Release and Photos
2010 NAILE 4H Dairy Judging Contest News Release
2010 NAILE Dairy Judging Contest Photos
2010 Dairy Skillathon Photos
2010 Goat Skillathon Photos
2010 Ohio Dairy Quiz Bowl and Jeopardy Photos

Dairy Breed Associations

Ohio Dairy Farmers -
Holstein Association USA -
American Jersey Cattle Association -
The American Guernsey Association -
Ayrshire Breeders Association -
American Milking Shorthorn Society -
Red and White Dairy Cattle Association -
Brown Swiss Association -
Ohio Holstein Association -
Holstein Foundation -

News and Publications

Hoard's Dairyman -
Dairy Herd Management - e-solutions for dairy -
Farm and Dairy -
Ohio's Country Journal -
Holstein World -
All-Breed Access -
Ohio Ag Connection -
Dairy Agenda Today -

Government Organizations

Agricultural Marketing Service -
United States Department of Agriculture -
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service -
National Dairy Herd Improvement Association -
Ohio Farm Bureau Federation -
Ohio Department of Agriculture -
Ohio Livestock Coalition -
Ohio Livestock Care Standards Board -
LivestockCareStandards -
Ohio Animal Identification -
Ohio Livestock Environmental Assurance Program -


Complete Scholarship_list, Hoard's Youth Corner
National Dairy Promotion and Research Board - For college students - Due May 31
National Dairy Shrine - Various scholarships - Due March 15
Agriliance - For high school seniors - Due March 1
Foremost Farms - For cooperative member-owners or children of member-owners - Due late February
National DHIA - For high school seniors and continuing college students - Due November 30
Ohio Farmers' Union - For children or grandchildren of OFU members - Due December 31
National FFA Scholarships
Top Producer, Farm Business Guide | Agweb