Dairy Leasing Guidelines
These leases are required to be in place 60 days prior to exhibition and go until the completion of the project, however, check with your Extension office to see if they 1) allow leasing of dairy animals OR 2) set an earlier date for the lease to be in place by (i.e., by enrollment deadline, etc). These leases outline rules for both the lessee and lessor as well as asking for animal description. There is also another sheet with additional lease ideas. These lease agreements are required at minimum, however counties can add to them (i.e., vet contact info, transportation agreement, etc).
Leasing Statement as approved 2022
An animal cannot be leased to more than one youth per project year and may only be exhibited by the lessee in any junior exhibition, including at the Ohio State Fair.
*You may refer to this as the 1-1-1 rule which means one exhibitor, one animal,one county.
The verbiage is on the lease agreement is required at a minimum. The verbiage/leasing rules were drafted by Ohio 4-H specifically through Elizabeth Share, MS (Extension Specialist, 4-H/Youth Development Livestock and Food Animal Programs) and approved by ODA. The only things counties can do are:
1) Not allow leasing of an animal
2) Determine an earlier date that the lease has to be in place by (i.e., enrollment, 60
days prior to exhibition, etc.)
3) Add requirements (i.e., exhibitor’s name on breed registration, vet info, etc.)
As a reminder:
Leasing MARKET animals for youth exhibition projects is NOT permitted under any circumstances.
Project and Record Keeping
The Dairy Cattle Project and Record Book (127) supports 4-H members who are taking calf, yearling/heifer, and cow projects. The Dairy Resource Handbook (127R) is a required supplement for all dairy projects. Both books are available through local OSU Extension offices and online at extensionpubs.osu.edu. Ohio residents get the best price when they order and pick up their purchases through local Extension offices.
These online resources support your project experience this year:
- 2024 Dairy Focus Questions (required) Coming soon! This includes content for the Topic of Interest, Medications Labels and Inserts, and Treatment Record Scenario. They're grouped together here because they change every year.
- Quality Assurance Quiz (required)
- Learning Activity Ideas (if needed)
- Extra pages from the Dairy Project and Record Book (if needed)
Additional Dairy Cattle Activities
Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) Important Information
On January 1, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) new regulations addressing on-farm antibiotic use in food-animal production must be implemented. The agency’s effort is aimed at eliminating the use of medically important (to human illness) antibiotics for growth promotion purposes in food-animal production and bringing therapeutic use in feed and water – to treat, control or prevent specific disease – under additional veterinary oversight. Producers, veterinarians, feed mills and suppliers will all face new requirements. This affects everyone (including 4-H members as youth producers) keeping, owning, and/or raising food-producing animals.
Please be aware that anything you may hear about the possibility of 4-H advisors being able to get a VFD for all of their club members is not accurate. Ohio 4-H members (parents/guardians) are the owners/caretakers of their livestock projects and will need to obtain any VFD they might need to properly care for their food-producing animals. To write a VFD, veterinarians must personally see the 4-H members’ animals, become acquainted with their care, and have done so recently enough (within the last six months) that they can make medical judgements. Veterinarians should not write a VFD for an entire club.
It is very important that 4-H members and their families establish a veterinarian-client-patient relationship (VCPR) prior to January 1, 2017. Click on the link below to download the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) Fact Sheet for 4-H Youth Livestock Producers and Families, important to read and understand when taking Ohio 4-H food-producing animal projects, even if they are not intended for food production.
Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) Information
Ohio State Fair Resources
- The National 4-H dairy project books provide good information and a variety of content in three separate books.
- The Dairy Learning Lab Kit is an invaluable resource for learning about dairy animals during club activities and skillathons.
- The Holstein Foundation produces educational workbooks, including Dairy Judging and Showring Ready, available for free download.
- PDCA Showmanship Guideline
- PDCA Showmanship Evaluation card
- PDCA Showring Code of Ethics
- Please note: We held a showmanship judge's clinic at the 2022 4-H Dairy Palooza to help train Ohio judges to officiate showmanship classes in Ohio. There is a list of those that attended this training below. You may also request a list of those in Ohio that are actively judging junior shows or have been through the 4-H and Collegiate judging programs and are experienced at dairy cattle evaluation by emailing Sherry Smith: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Showmanship judge's clinic attendees 2022
Follow the links below for different resources to help with dairy judging practices and skills.
- National 4-H Dairy Judging Contest Videos
- 2021 Ohio Spring Show contest Videos
- Hoards Dairyman Contest
- PDCA Scorecard This is a part of the Holstein Foundation Workbook. You will need to download entire workbook and then print off this page.
- Dairy Cattle Judging Made Easy, 2nd Edition $25
- 2014 Dairy Judging Questions
- Dairy Heifer Scorecard
- Reasons Note-Taking Card (with additional text)
- Reasons Note-Taking Cards (no extra text)
- Basic Oral Reasons Terminology
- Oral Reasons: "Better Words to Use Than Better"
- Linear Evaluation Worksheet
- Dairy Cattle Reasons
Judging Clinic Powerpoint 2017 (uses the class above)
- PDCA Reasons Scorecard
- CEV Multi-Media - Judging resources
- Dairy Judging Terminology from the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences
- From Georgia: Another method of presenting general information, similar to Holstein Foundation workbook but not as comprehensive.
- From Florida Extension: This helpful resource is designed for teaching juniors how to prepare and give oral reasons.
- From Florida Extension: This advanced-level resource covers how to prepare and give reasons and different types of tips for more experienced judges.
- More tips for improving oral reasons scores from Florida authors. Peruse this for details and more success at contests.
- From University of Vermont: A list of all kinds of resources that include one or two of the above, Hoard's Judging Guide link, but MOST IMPORTANTLY the link to online classes to evaluate.
- Ohio Junior Ayrshire Club
DAIRY BEEF FEEDER
Project and Record Keeping
Photos and News Releases for Past Events
2016 Ohio 4-H Dairy Year End Report
2014 DairyPalooza News Release
2014 Ohio Dairy Judging Contest News Release
2013 4-H Dairy Judging News Release
2012 4-H Team News Release
2012 Ohio 4-H and OSU Dairy Judging Teams News Release
2012 Dairy Palooza News Release
2012 Ohio 4-H Dairy Judging Contest News Release
2011 Ohio 4-H Dairy Quiz Bowl Photos
2011 Dairy Palooza Photos
2010 National Dairy Quiz Bowl News Release and Photos
2010 NAILE 4H Dairy Judging Contest News Release
2010 NAILE Dairy Judging Contest Photos
2010 Dairy Skillathon Photos
2010 Goat Skillathon Photos
2010 Ohio Dairy Quiz Bowl and Jeopardy Photos
Dairy Breed Associations
Ohio Dairy Producers Association, odpa.org
Holstein Association USA, holsteinusa.com
American Jersey Cattle Association, usjersey.com
The American Guernsey Association, usguernsey.com
Ayrshire Breeders Association, usayrshire.com
American Milking Shorthorn Society, milkingshorthorn.com
Red and White Dairy Cattle Association, redandwhitecattle.com
Brown Swiss Association, brownswissusa.com
Ohio Holstein Association, OhioHolstein.com
Holstein Foundation, holsteinfoundation.org
News and Publications
Hoard's Dairyman, hoards.com
Dairy Herd Management, dairyherd.com
Farm and Dairy, farmanddairy.com
Ohio's Country Journal, ocj.com
Holstein World, holsteinworld.com
All-Breed Access, allbreedaccess.com
Ohio Ag Connection, ohioagconnection.com
Dairy Agenda Today, dairyagendatoday.com
Agricultural Marketing Service, ams.usda.gov
United States Department of Agriculture, usda.gov
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, aphis.usda.gov
National Dairy Herd Improvement Association, dhia.org
Ohio Farm Bureau Federation, ofbf.org
Ohio Department of Agriculture, ohioagriculture.gov
Ohio Livestock Coalition, ohiolivestock.org
Ohio Livestock Care Standards Board, ohiolivestockcarestandardsboard.gov
Ohio Animal Identification, ohioanimalid.com
Ohio Livestock Environmental Assurance Program, ohleap.com
Complete Scholarship_list, Hoard's Youth Corner
National Dairy Promotion and Research Board - For college students - Due May 31
National Dairy Shrine - Various scholarships - Due March 15
Foremost Farms - For cooperative member-owners or children of member-owners - Due late February
Ohio Farmers' Union - For children or grandchildren of OFU members - Due December 31
National FFA Scholarships